Tata recently took on the duties of the undersecretary of defense for policy. He tested positive after meeting with Lithuania's defense minister.
The 83,000 surpasses the previous record from mid-July by about 6,000. In addition, 943 people died from COVID-19 on Friday. Cases of the virus have been rising in the U.S. since mid-September.
Nearly 260,000 new cases of coronavirus infection have been reported over the past day, according to data from the World Health Organization. More than a quarter were in the U.S.