Over the past few days, thousands of federal inmates were released from prison due to a change in the way the federal government sentences drug criminals.
It adds up to the largest one-time release of federal prisoners.
Brandon Sample is the executive director of Prisology, a national nonprofit movement dedicated to reform of the criminal justice system.
Sample tells us the change was made by "a little-known agency" called the United States Sentencing Commission.
He says that for the past several years the commission has been examining issues such as overpopulation and mass incarceration within the criminal justice system.
The commission decided to pass this amendment to the United States Sentencing Guidelines and to apply the change retroactively.
“This amendment deals with individuals who have been convicted of drug crimes, the vast majority of whom are low-level nonviolent offenders,” he says.
Sample tells us the implementation of this change was delayed a year so as to give probation officers and federal judges time to go over each case individually and make sure that any inmates who pose a genuine threat to the public would not be released as a result of the amendment.
Sample says that “46,000 in total have the potential to benefit from this change,” but so far the data shows about one in four eligible prisoners being denied release for one reason or another.
About 6,000 inmates are being released in this first wave, and according to Sample, “It’s going to take a number of years before we see the full implementation of this.”
He adds that many of the people being released have been living outside of prison for some time now, either through halfway houses or home confinement.
“There are some being released directly, but that tends to be the exception,” he says.
Eighty-three of those 6,000 prisoners were in Michigan when they were sentenced, and Sample says that will make the release process a little bit different for some of them.
“In Michigan, simply because of the way the state is structured, you have, in the rural areas you have a good number of federal prisoners who actually go through county jails,” he says.
Sample tells us that data suggests that the rate of recidivism for those affected by retroactive sentencing changes is on par with that of those released normally, and that “the vast majority” people released as a result of this action are going through something called “supervised release.”
“They’re going to have a United States probation officer that’s charged with the responsibility of making sure that they’re complying with certain standard conditions of their release,” Sample says. “So even though they are being released it’s not like there is no leash, so to speak.”
Sample explains that as time goes on and individuals show compliance with the terms of their release, they can work their way into less intense levels of supervision.
Sample tells us that this move is a step in the right direction for criminal justice reform, but it's only the first step in a long journey.
While 46,000 is a pretty huge group of people, “when you compare it to the over two million people that are incarcerated in the United States, it really is just a drop in the bucket,” he says.
“It is a good first start, but we have so much more work to do.”
– Ryan Grimes, Stateside