Some policymakers say scientists hold onto their data too long. They say by the time the information is released, it can miss the window for addressing pressing problems.
The federal government is urging scientists to share their data sooner, but good data is like gold to scientists.
It can solve a lingering puzzle, and lead to professional success. That's why some scientists are considered data hoarders. They protect the information they collect.
But in a recent survey of over 1,300 scientists, Carol Tenopir found more of a spirit of collaboration than competition.
Tenopir participates in a National Science Foundation project called DataOne. Her job is to figure out how to overcome barriers to data sharing and broaden access to information.
Though only a small percentage of scientists said they actually share their data, she was surprised to find many are eager to do so.